An introduction to the philosophy of human nature

Thomas Hobbes: Moral and Political Philosophy

Carrying the project of attributing intrinsic value to nature to its ultimate form, Robert Elliot argues that naturalness itself is a property in virtue of possessing which all natural things, events, and states of affairs, attain intrinsic value.

What is Hobbes's reasoning here? Substances are further divided into first and second: Hume finishes with an explanation of why social inferiors are expected to keep their distance from their superiors.

That a man be willing, when others are so too, as far-forth as for peace and defense of himself he shall think it necessary, to lay down this right to all things, and be contented with so much liberty against other men, as he would allow other men against himself.

This mirrors Hume's earlier account of causal reasoning: For example, we ask, first, what a thing is, then how great it is, next of what kind it is.

Such warnings resonate with more recent pessimism about increasing human population and its impact on the poorest people, as well as on loss of biodiversity, fresh water scarcity, overconsumption and climate change.

These are among the questions investigated by environmental ethics. The human soul in the works of Plato and Aristotle has a divided nature, divided in a specifically human way.

Environmental Ethics

The human soul shares the nutritive element with plants, and the appetitive element with animals, but also has a rational element which is distinctively our own.

The Indian writer Ramachandra Guhafor instance, depicts the activities of many western-based conservation groups as a new form of cultural imperialism, aimed at securing converts to conservationism cf.

Human nature

The genus definition must be formed so that no species is left out. Hobbes likes to make bold and even shocking claims to get his point across. The mind remains throughout a unity: Effective threats of punishment mean that obedience is in our self-interest.

So it would be uncharitable to interpret Hobbes this way, if we can find a more plausible account in his work. The final four experiments focus on how easily a transition is made from one passion to another.

But Hobbes says more than this, and it is this point that makes his argument so powerful.

Environmental Ethics

This type of community is different in kind from a large family, and requires the special use of human reason. However, some critics have pointed out that advocates of moral dualism between the natural and the artifactual run the risk of diminishing the value of human life and culture, and fail to recognize that the natural environments interfered with by humans may still have morally relevant qualities other than pure naturalness see Lo Hobbes has to make three steps here, all of which have seemed weak to many of his readers.

Human nature

Love and hatred, he writes, can be produced in animals simply by the pain or pleasure felt from an object, or by such relations as "acquaintance" and "likeness" of species. Man is a conjugal animal, meaning an animal which is born to couple when an adult, thus building a household oikos and, in more successful cases, a clan or small village still run upon patriarchal lines.

Thus the goals of economic and social development must be defined in terms of sustainability in all countries—developed or developing, market-oriented or centrally planned. As we shall see Hobbes places great weight on contracts thus some interpreters see Hobbes as heralding a market society dominated by contractual exchanges.Human Nature and Conduct: An Introduction to Social Psychology (Cosimo Classics Philosophy) [John Dewey] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

The problem with morality, according to Pragmatist John Dewey, is that it assumes an inherent lacking in human nature and then seeks. Philosophy is probably the last thing that the average person wants to study in-depth, but this book makes for a very nice introduction for those interested. Environmental ethics is the discipline in philosophy that studies the moral relationship of human beings to, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its non-human.

Ayn Rand’s Philosophy for Living on Earth, Objectivism

Philosophy Introduction to Logic The Nature of Philosophy and Logic. Abstract: The subjects of philosophy and logic are broadly characterized.

A Treatise of Human Nature (–40) is a book by Scottish philosopher David Hume, considered by many to be Hume's most important work and one of the most influential works in the history of philosophy. The Treatise is a classic statement of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and the introduction Hume presents the idea of placing all science and philosophy.

Thomas Hobbes: Moral and Political Philosophy. The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes () is best known for his political thought, and deservedly so.

An introduction to the philosophy of human nature
Rated 5/5 based on 23 review