This type of research focuses on objective knowledge, research questions that can be answered yes or no, and operational definitions of variables to be measured.
Sharpe, ; Singh, Kultar. Reasons for Choosing Specific Research Methods For this aspect that characterizes a good research methodology, indicate how the research approach fits with the general study, considering the literature review outline and formatand the following sections.
On the other hand, quantitative research relies on random sampling; wherein a large representative sample is chosen in order to extrapolate the results to the whole population. Competencies for Analysis and Applications.
Project can be used to generalize concepts more widely, predict future results, or investigate causal relationships. Social research involves creating a theory, operationalization measurement of variables and observation actual collection of data to test hypothesized relationship.
So you should take your time when it comes to choosing the design and philosophical approach of your research. Quantitative research or empirical-analytical research focuses on a certain research purpose, with its complementary research questions and operational definitions of the variables to be measured.
A helpful way to delineate between them is to understand "theories" as representing different ways of characterizing the social world when you research it and "methods" as representing different ways of generating and analyzing data about that social world.
Which data analysis methods will you choose? Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods.
Part 1, Chapter 3. Philosophical Approach This will discuss your chosen philosophy to strengthen your research and the research model.
Qualitative research is used to gain an in-depth understanding of human behaviour, experience, attitudes, intentions, and motivations, on the basis of observation and interpretation, to find out the way people think and feel.
You will be required to provide justifications as to why you preferred a certain method over the others. The choice of the philosophy will depend on many factors including your academic subjective, and the type and complexity of research study. If you are analyzing texts, which texts have you chosen, and why?
However, the following introductory video, A Brief Introduction to Research Research methodology for quantitative research, offers a brief explanation of each method and a comparison.
External secondary data research — represents a study that uses existing data on a certain research subject from government statistics, published market research reports from different organizations, international agencies such as IMF, World Bank, etc.
The discussion also includes a thorough review of the literature about methods other scholars have used to study the topic. University of Washington; Denscombe, Martyn. This type of study uses deductive reasoning and established theories as a foundation for the hypotheses that will be tested and explained.
In some cases, the IRB approval notice is included as an appendix to your paper. The methodology section of your paper should clearly articulate the reasons why you chose a particular procedure or technique.
Describe the assumptions for each procedure and the steps you took to ensure that they were not violated. The first rule is that "There should be the possibility of surprise in social research. Basic Research Design for Quantitative Studies Before designing a quantitative research study, you must decide whether it will be descriptive or experimental because this will dictate how you gather, analyze, and interpret the results.
Content The introduction to your methodology section should begin by restating the research problem and underlying assumptions underpinning your study.
The methods vary on how Authors and Researchers conduct an experiment, survey or study, but, in general, it uses a particular scientific method.
If you are analyzing existing data, such as a data set or archival documents, describe how it was originally created or gathered and by whom. Are secondary data available and appropriate for analysis?
Pure research has no application on real life, whereas applied research attempts to influence the real world. And, how was it analyzed? Variables are also divided into independent variables data that influences the dependent variables which scientists are trying to explain.
The methodology should discuss the problems that were anticipated and the steps you took to prevent them from occurring. This discussion includes describing the theoretical concepts that inform the choice of methods to be applied, placing the choice of methods within the more general nature of academic work, and reviewing its relevance to examining the research problem.
The empirical-analytical group approaches the study of social sciences in a similar manner that researchers study the natural sciences. Statistical analysis -- how did you analyze the data?
This is especially true for human subjects. Limitations -- describe any limitations or unavoidable bias in your study and, if necessary, note why these limitations did not inhibit effective interpretation of the results. Provide examples of when quantitative research methodology should be used.
Problem Blindness It is almost a given that you will encounter problems when collecting or generating your data, or, gaps will exist in existing data or archival materials. Explain the techniques you used to "clean" your data set. The data collected is numeric, allowing for collection of data from a large sample size.Social research is a research conducted by social scientists following a systematic plan.
Social research methodologies can be classified as quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative designs approach social phenomena through quantifiable evidence, and often rely on statistical analysis of many cases (or across intentionally designed treatments in an experiment) to create valid and reliable.
Introduction. Methodology is perhaps the most challenging and laborious part of research work. Essentially, the methodology helps to understand the broad philosophical approach behind methods of research you chose to employ for your study.
This means that your methodology chapter should clearly state whether you chose to use quantitative or qualitative data collection techniques or a mixture.
Different textbooks place different meanings on research design. Some authors consider research design as the choice between qualitative and quantitative research methods.
Others argue that research design refers to the choice of specific methods of data collection and analysis.
In your dissertation you can define research design as a general plan about what you will do to answer the research. Quantitative research methods describe and measure the level of occurrences on the basis of numbers and calculations.
Moreover, the questions of “how many?”. The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability.
Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational agronumericus.comtative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon.Download