Composed of leading men in blocal and foreign scholarships and training grants in agriculture and established an academy of design. In times of war, the encomendero was duty bound to provide soldiers for the King, in particular, for the complete defense of the colony from invaders such as the DutchBritish and Chinese.
Political system[ edit ] Fort San Pedro was first of many fortresses to protect the islands from invaders such as pirates and other colonizers. Municipal government[ edit ] The pueblo or town is headed by the Gobernadorcillo or little governor. Converting the inhabitants of in the newly discovered lands was entrusted by the papacy to the rulers of Portugal and Spain, through a series of papal actions.
A portion of the crops were taxed for the support of the soldiers at the presidios and to provision ships in the harbors. Watching and warning were the tower's tasks for it lacked any armament. The conquistadores, friars and native nobles were granted estates, in exchange for their services to the King, and were given the privilege to collect tribute from its inhabitants.
The Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan headed the first Spanish foray to the Philippines when he made landfall on Cebu in March ; a short time later he met an untimely death on the nearby island of Mactan. Most of the settlers were Mestizaje rather than pure-blooded Spanish—the product of over years of racial mixing following the 16th-century conquest of Mexico.
This road closely followed the route of Monterey Road and the El Camino today. Obviously, the friars resented the move largely since they considered Filipinos priests unfit for the priesthood. Philippine map Main article: This law created the municipal organization that was later adopted, revised, and further strengthened by the American and Filipino governments that succeeded Spanish.
Beginning with Sir Francis Drake's raid on St. The trade lasted for over two hundred years, and ceased in just before the secession of American colonies from Spain. Manila dominated the islands not only as the political capital. Other European powers did not see the treaty between Spain and Portugal as binding on themselves.
The issue soon took on a racial slant. Royal grants and devises formed the core of their holdings, but many arbitrary extensions were made beyond the boundaries of the original grants. One of the early, wooden watchtowers as described in a document.
The conquest was completed with the campaigns of the armies of the Crown of Castile between andwhen the islands of Gran Canaria —La Palma —and Tenerife — were subjugated.
This labor lasted for 40 days a year, later it was reduced to 15 days. But as the Christian laity grew in number and the zeal of the clergy waned, it became increasingly difficult to prevent the preservation of ancient beliefs and customs under Roman Catholic garb.
It was their duty, the bishops argued, to check on the administration of these parishes. The encomienda system was abused by encomenderos and by was largely replaced by administrative provinces, each headed by an alcalde mayor provincial governor  The most prominent feature of Spanish cities was the plaza, a central area for town activities such as the fiesta, and where government buildings, the church, a market area and other infrastructures were located.
In Florida's warm, wet climate, these wooden watchtowers often had to be rebuilt or replaced. It took various forms such as the building and repairing of roads and bridges, construction of Public buildings and churches, cutting timber in the forest, working in shipyards and serving as soldiers in military expeditions.
The Spanish colonization strategy utilized three institutions-military, civil. But abusive treatment of the local tribute payers and neglect of religious instruction by encomenderos collectors of the tributeas well as frequent withholding of revenues from the crown, caused the Spanish to abandon the system by the end of the 17th century.
This road through the Santa Cruz Mountains was originally an old Indian trail that was improved by mission Indians in under the direction of the padres. Residential areas lay around the plaza. City governments ayuntamientoswere also headed by an alcalde mayor. Old view of a street in Cebu The Residencia and the Visita[ edit ] To check the abuse of power of royal officials, two ancient castilian institutions were brought to the Philippines: Provinces of the Philippines On the local level, heading the pacified provinces alcaldiawas the provincial governor alcalde mayor.Translate Period.
See 10 authoritative translations of Period in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations.
Spanish Period: to Inas European nations continued to compete for territory in North America, Spain began the colonization of the West Coast north of Nueva Espana.
That year, Don Gaspar de Portola led a Spanish expedition overland to Alta California, and its members became the first Europeans to see el brazo del mar [“the. Spanish Colonial Flag, s to The flag which flies over Fort Matanzas and the Castillo de San Marcos is described in heraldry as a red saltire raguly on a white field.
A saltire is an X figure; raguly refers to the jagged edges of the cross. Spanish Period () The process of Spanish settlement of the Santa Clara Valley began in with the initial exploration by Sergeant Jose Ortega of the Portola Expedition.
the early spanish period Philippines Table of Contents The first recorded sighting of the Philippines by Europeans was on March 16,during Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation of the globe.Download